For many child sexual abuse survivors, the once-powerful Cardinal George Pell's failed appeal means justice has prevailed.
The Victorian Court of Appeal's decision to uphold Pell's convictions for child abuse was met with loud cheers by a group of survivors and their supporters, waiting outside with a huge media pack.
Surrounded by other former wards of the state, John Lawrance described it as an historic day.
"Justice has been done," he told reporters.
"The third in charge of the church - something's happened to him and I think that's a good thing because if he's found guilty, he's guilty."
An abuse survivor who goes by the pseudonym Michael Advocate used a megaphone to declare it an outstanding result for victims.
"George Pell can now rot in hell. He can burn in hell and he can rot in his jail cell," he said, after being equally outspoken after Pell's conviction and sentencing.
"The man's legacy is destroyed. He is a criminal."
Many pointed to the significance of an appeal court upholding the convictions of Australia's most senior Catholic cleric and the one-time third most powerful person in the Vatican.
Chrissie Foster, a long-time victims' advocate after two of her three daughters were abused by a priest, said many victims would feel encouraged by the decision.
"This is a very high-profile, very powerful person. In the church, in the Vatican, surrounded by all of that, and how much money he has, he's got the power, the best defence money could buy," she said.
"Yet that did not convince the jury to find him innocent. To have that upheld is just outstanding."
Ballarat clergy abuse survivor Stephen Woods said the Pell decision meant victims were believed, in contrast to the response when victims started speaking up decades ago.
"To see somebody as powerful as George having to be answerable to the courts is fantastic," he told AAP.
Robert House said he came forward as a survivor to ensure his children and others never had to face similar abuse.
"We were for decades not believed and now we are believed and that is wonderful because they silenced us all too well. They put people in positions of power that allowed them to get away with raping children," he said.
One supporter of Pell named Karen was shouted down when she tried to say the cardinal was innocent.
Karen compared the case to Lindy Chamberlain, who was found guilty of killing her baby Azaria before being cleared years later.
"I can't see any evidence that he's done what he's done," she said.
"It's going to be like Lindy Chamberlain - in 20 years' time they're going to find out he did not do anything."